GENDER OF NOUNS
Adult, artist, author, child, cook, cousin, dancer, driver, friend, engineer, journalist, lover, painter, parent, prisoner, singer, student, teacher, etc.
Most nouns are the same for both male and female
boy girl cock/rooster hen
brother sister bull cow
father mother dog bitch
king queen horse mare
Some are totally different in each gender
animal, bird, building, clothing, distance, fish, flower, food, furniture, plant, time, tree, weather, etc.
Are used for things, animals and abstract nouns.
Some add "ss" or "ess" for feminine
Some drop a vowel before adding "ess"
Some change "ke" by "ch" before adding "ess"